Songs written by Rabindranath Tagore are known in various names. In Bengali language these are known as ‘Rabindra-sangeet’. They are also known in Hindi Language as Gurudev Rabindranath Tagore’s Songs. The songs of Rabindranath are deeply related to Bengali culture. ‘Geetabitan’ is the book where all the songs of Rabindranath Tagore are found. There six different categories in Tagore’s songs. They are famously known as ‘Puja’ (worship of God) , ‘Prem’ (Love), ‘Prakriti’ ( The Nature), ’Bichitro’ (various), ‘Swadesh’ (Motherland), ‘Anusthanik’ (festive).
The famous Tagore singers are Suchitra Mitra, Kanika Bandopadhaya, Rezwana Chowdhury Banya, Debabrata Biswas, Kabir Suman, Swagata Lakshmi Dasgupta, Santidev Ghosh, Hemanta Mukhopadhaya, Subinoy Roy, Sagar Sen, Srikanto Acharya, Sraboni Sen, and Kishore Kumar.
Rabindranath Tagore is an inspiration and institution to Bengali people. In all the field of literature Rabindranath Tagore shows his talent. But Rabindranath himself said that people may forget all his works but they will never forget the songs of Rabindranath Tagore.
Rabindranath Tagore is called as the writer of the writer. Most of the writers are inspired by his writings. His powerful presence will always be there in the literature of world especially in India and of course in Bengali literature.
Rabindranath Tagore was the winner of The Nobel Prize in literature in the year 1913 for ‘Geetangali’, which is a collection of his poems. The English translation of this book was published in March 1913. It became so popular that it was reprinted ten times within the month of November 1913. Anna Akhmatova translated the poems of Rabindranath Tagore in Russian Language.
Rabindranath Tagore is the only poet in the universe whose name is associated with the three National Anthems of three different countries in the world. India’s National Anthem ‘Jana Gana Mana’ is written and composed by him. The National Anthem of another country Bangladesh- ‘Amar sonar bangla’ is also written and composed by Rabindranath Tagore. Srilanka’s National Anthem ‘Apa Srilanka Nomo Nomo Nomo’ is originally penned from his writing.
Rabindranath Tagore was a versatile genius. He was a good poet, a genius short story writer, a talented novelist, an essayist, a dramatist, an educationist, a philosopher, a painter, a lyrical genius, a singer, a composer, a great spiritual genius.
Rabindranath Tagore was a good musician and a painter. More than 2230 songs are written by him. Is many songs are connected to his novels, short stories and plays. The different sides of human emotions and feelings are revealed in his songs. There are spiritual feeling, feelings of love and romanticism, picture of nature in his songs.